How to become front-end developer in Nepal


Admin, April 25, 2020


how to become a front-end developer in Nepal
 

Do you wish to be a front-end developer in Nepal? Do you want to design and develop a user-facing part of a website and web applications? Do you love to build beautiful websites and web applications (web apps) that are visually pleasing and interactive to use?

Of all the above answers is YES then congratulations you have a passion to become a Front-end developer in Nepal. Front-end developer in Nepal is a challenging job and it is a well rewarding career if you are good at it. There are tremendous job offerings at the online job portals in Nepal and also ample opportunities if you want to venture into the world of freelancing.

What front-end developer does?

Front-end developer designs the visual aspects of the website and writes a code in computer recognized language to develop a user-end website part.

Front-end developer work focuses on creating a beautiful website and has a good understanding of where to put the navigation menus, what font to use, what should be the layout of a website, and how to manage the content structure within the website.

A front-end developer has proficient skills in using software tools and front end programming languages. Adobe Photoshop, Adobe Illustrator, and Adobe XD are the few basic website design software that is widely used by a front-end developer for a template design. A front-end developer in Nepal needs to know HTML (Hyper-Text Markup Language), CSS (Cascading Style-Sheets), and a scripting language (preferably JavaScript).

Besides the core knowledge of the front end developer work part, it is always better to know the backend part of the website. Having an understanding knowledge of CMS and some back end programming language is always a plus point. Most of the modern websites are built-in Content Management System (CMS). Popular CMS currently on the market are WordPress, Joomla, and Drupal for ordinary use. For e-commerce, the popular CMS are Magento, Shopify, Prestashop, etc.

However, there are many IT companies in Nepal that rely on their own CMS instead of using open source CMS like WordPress. Building their own CMS instead of using open source can have various benefits like customizability, long term support, and good security. So, the front-end developer should have some knowledge of Object-Oriented Programming and database working. Popular in the context of Nepal for website development is Php and MySQL.

Skills needed to become a front-end developer

Designing

The major skill that you need to have to become a front-end developer is the brilliant design capacity. Most of the IT company that put out a vacancy for a front-end developer in Nepal wants you to design the website template by yourself rather than employing UI/UX designer extra. In Nepal’s job market, there are no clear distinctions between a Front-end developer and UI/UX designer job requirements.

Also, most of the design work is made on the industry’s best software like Adobe Photoshop, Adobe Illustrator, Adobe XD, etc. You should have a commanding knowledge of these programs.

If you think you are not good in the design aspects, then you can learn them from

  • online course and tutorials
  • find Mentors
  • join an IT company as an intern

Programming

To become a good front-end developer you should know major three things – HTML, CSS & JavaScript. Knowledge of basic concepts of back-end side like PHP and MySQL can always be a plus point in the time of interviews.

Let’s dive into three major languages that you as a front end developer in Nepal will be using:

HTML

HyperText Markup Langauge or HTML is a markup language that is used to develop a structural framework of a website.

You define headings, paragraphs, lists, menus, images, links, buttons, and columns needed for a website through HTML.

It has a file extension of .html and codes are written inside ‘<' and '>‘.

HTML is one of the three prerequisites for the role of front end developer in Nepal along with CSS and Javascript.

HTML itself is a very easy language to learn and is used in every part of website development. A good base of HTML can take you very far in your career.

If you don’t know HTML or if you think your HTML knowledge needs to freshen up, there are plenty of places to learn HTML. If you want to learn HTML online, W3Schools, Codecademy, and Coursera are good platforms.

CSS

Cascading Style Sheets or CSS is used to design the HTML. CSS helps us to define the margin, padding, color, font size, spacing, etc. CSS helps in making the website more presentable.

With the help of CSS, front end developers can get site-wide consistency and make content more accessible in the eyes of end-users.

Pro tip: It is always better to dedicate a separate CSS file when developing a website rather than using inline CSS codes.

Knowledge of CSS is a must to become a valuable front end developer in Nepal. Like HTML, CSS also has an easy learning curve. If you want to learn CSS, you can learn from W3Schools or Codecademy.

Javascript

Javascript is a scripting language. It blends well with HTML code. Javascript makes a website more interactive by adding functionalities to the website.

Javascript itself is a very popular programming language in the world. One can easily find a job with knowing javascript only.

After you have gained a good knowledge of Javascript, allow some time to learn javascript frameworks and libraries.

Javascript libraries and frameworks

Javascript libraries and frameworks are the set of tools that makes your work more interactive and user engaging. They both help in completing your project sooner and in a more organized way.

Javascript libraries are the pre-written line of codes that performs a certain task on your website. A good example of a Javascript library is jQuery. jQuery can be used in your project for event handling, CSS animations, and Ajax. It is a free and open-source project so you can use jQuery without any hesitation. React js is also another example of a javascript library.

Javascript frameworks are a set of tools that you use to make an entire website or web application. Angular and Vue js are two widely used javascript framework.

Responsive

The meaning of responsive in the field of web technology is to make a website adapt its device screen size seamlessly.

With more and more people using smartphones their browsing habits have also shifted to mobile phones from desktop or laptops. Most of the websites are viewed from mobile phones. This has pushed Google to move towards the mobile-first indexing. In simple terms, the website must be mobile-friendly to be list in Google Engine Search Result Page (SERPs). Learn SEO from here

If you don’t know about this and worrying about how to make your website mobile-friendly or you are worrying to make a different website for the mobile version only then don’t worry. Many good developers have built responsive frameworks that are talented enough to change website layout to adapt to viewing devices. Bootstrap is the first responsive framework that gained wide popularity. UIKit is also another responsive framework that has many good features.

It is very much recommended for you to learn at least one framework. However, there is one thing to remember – always learn native CSS well before jumping into the frameworks.

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PHP

Originally stood for Personal Home Page, the full form of PHP is Hypertext Preprocessor. PHP is a server-side language meaning it loads web pages ( or web applications) from the server to your web browser. You need special software to run PHP. PHP works well with databases (like MySQL) making it useful in collecting data through forms and displaying the data in the required format. PHP is an open-source making it free and widely used server-side programming language.

MySQL

MySQL is a relational database management system. The SQL part in MySQL denotes Structured Query Language. MySQL stores data in tables. The table consists of rows and columns and it collects related data.

Update yourself

One thing that you can be sure of in the field of technology is, it is changing constantly. New software, programming languages, and concepts are being developed and are introduced to the world every day.

You must be aware of any new technology arriving in your field. Learn it, try it, and nake something from it. Updating yourself about these new technologies will help you tremendously. You can complete your project sooner and more securely way than ever. Follow journals, news, and blogs to know the latest trends and cool new stuff.

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